Botanical source: Picea mariana
Plant part used: The twig and needle
Origin: Quebec, Canada
Production: Sustainably wild-harvested and certified organic
Extraction method: Steam distillation of the fresh twigs and needles in autumn and early spring
Fragrance profile: A bracing bouquet of fresh conifer notes on top of extended woody-balsamic notes with a base finish of deep earthy, musty notes
Fragrance energy: Pungent-woody
Properties: Stimulating, energizing, awakening, uplifting
Chinese medicine function: To tonify the Yang, strengthen the Lung and Kidney, expel phlegm and strengthen the spirit
Pharmacology: Black spruce is dominated by stimulant and restorative monoterpenes (<55%) that are balanced by relaxant esters (<52%) and sesquiterpenes. Anti-inflammatory and spasmolytic constituents such as camphene and bornyl acetate are noted.
Complimentary blending: Scotch pine, Juniper berry, Hemlock spruce, Atlas cedarwood, Siberian fir, Lavender, Rosemary, Bergamot, Frankincense
For external use only. Properly dilute all essential oils in lotion or vegetable carrier oil before massage or other topical use. Keep out of reach of children. If you are pregnant, nursing, have any health conditions, or are taking medications, please consult your healthcare provider prior to using essential oils.